Saturday, September 3, 2016

40M Junk Box SSB Xcvr in a Blue Case

The Blue Junk Box 40M SSB Is Alive!

9/15/2016 ~ Continued -- Listen to the Junk Box Radio...


9/15/2016 ~ Junk Box Experimenter's Platform

Ever wary of unwanted frequency mixing schemes and picking an IF too close (harmonically) to another band, I decided to change out the Yaesu 3.180 MHz Crystal Filter. The second harmonic of the BFO is at 6.4 MHz which is in my opinion too close to the 40M band with just the simple Band Pass Filter I am using. Adding a better BPF (more poles) or changing the IF would of course provide better solutions to my concerns. Still another solution would be to use dual conversion approach to mitigate the problem.

I opted to change the IF frequency as I had a spare 9.0 MHz GQRP Club SSB Filter. The change from 3.180 involved unsoldering two wires and the mechanical removal of the filter from the board. The Z in/out of either filter is 500 Ohms, thus requiring no change in the matching transformers. Insofar as Arduino code changes, about a total of eight entries and that was it. Since the LO is above the incoming there is a sideband inversion so the lower frequency BFO frequency is used to receive LSB (8.998500 MHz) and USB uses the upper 9.001500 MHz Carrier Frequency. The changes went FB and we now have an IF of 9.0 MHz. I now would feel more comfortable in moving the rig to 20 Meters. BTW total elapsed time was about 30 Minutes for the hardware change out and the software modifications / loading on to the Arduino Pro-Mini.

This is the beauty of my approach to building a rig. Changes both in hardware and software can be easily made without a complete disassembly of the radio. It is truly an experimenter's platform.

73's
Pete N6QW

The Junk Box SSB Transceiver is now fitted with a 9.0 MHz Crystal Filter from the GQRP Club


A Close Up of the Junk Box SSB Rig Front Panel -- You gotta love that blue!



9/12/2016 ~ Making Contacts
The one nice facet of our beloved hobby is to make contacts and hopefully by what I have done with the last several transceiver projects is to inspire others to "take up the iron". Perhaps one of the most powerful ways that can be done is by using the rigs on the air. I have actually spent more time on the air in the last several weeks than I have all year long. True much of my operation has been in short bursts like 20 minutes here and there -- but the results have been many fold. Not only have I met some really great people; but the interest level has ramped up with many inquiries about the rigs I have built. Perhaps one or two will be inspired to build their very own rigs.
 
73's
Pete N6QW
 
 
 
9/8/2016 ~ Ramping up the Power!
Yesterday I added some switching circuitry so I could simultaneously key up the Atlas 210X "brick" and my SB200 Linear Amp. I am happy to report I can now put out about 600 Watts into my droopy dipole. This now should give me a shot at working coast to coast with the droopy dipole.
 
Another critical part of the tests were to make sure I wasn't tripping (or ripping up)  the security alarm, telephone system, sprinkler system or the cable TV. All is clean and so the grounding, shielding and good wiring practices have paid off.  
 
I am very pleased at the performance of this radio and now with winter coming on want to do some serious 40M operation. I note that in the early morning hours I am routinely hearing stations in Japan and Indonesia on 40M SSB. So that is another goal to make contact with these station and I feel possible with this rig and the amps. I hardly ever run it at 3 watts so I guess my QRP award is in jeopardy of being revoked.
 
73's
Pete N6QW

9/7/2016 ~ Some observations and updated information

I continue to be amazed at the performance of this "Junk Box Rig". Signal reports affirm its good quality signal and nice sounding audio which does seem to have some added "sparkle" to the sound. I attest the audio reports to spending some time in improving the frequency response of the PNP microphone amplifier. A bit of time with LT Spice pays off in big dividends.
 
You can't imagine my surprise several days ago where about six stations in a row contacted me for details about my rig and how it was built. There is no finer compliment than to hear your station being called by others. With a bit of tuning and some improvements I now get about 115 watts out using the linear amplifier "brick" liberated from an Atlas 210X SSB transceiver. This power level now enables easy QSO's into the mid-west and western Canada with my "droopy dipole" installed on my postage stamp sized Southern California lot. A better antenna would definitely extend the range into the east coast on a regular basis. So the antenna does count. In fact typically the second question after the usual first question about the rig is what kind of antenna are you using?
 
Extensive use of a radio will often identify "issues" and so it was with the Junk Box Rig. I found that after an hour or so of operation the rig would not return to receive after a lengthy transmission and at times even though the rig would go into transmit -- there was no output signal. The problem was traced to the solid state switch. I found that when this occurred the SN7400 IC which was wired as an inverter was "hot"  to the touch. Not just warm; but burn your finger hot. So my fix was to install a small 12VDC SPDT relay in lieu of the switching board. Problem fixed and a simpler solution. The radio no longer suffers from that hang up. But it does beg the question as to why? I will do some further bench evaluation --but in keeping with the theme of this rig --the relay is what I found in the junk box -- and even though the relay is small its contacts are rated for 3 Amps DC at 32 Volts --so plenty of head room.
 
To seem repetitious often when we challenge ourselves to find solutions by using what we have an end result which is often better than simply flipping out the plastic and buying new. I have quite a few boat anchors and aside from the KWM-2, this rig hears better than most of those radios of old. With a bit of scrounging and some horse trading this rig can be built for less than $150. The frequency generation part, BFO, encoder and the LCD can be bought for about $20. The SBL-1 Double Balanced Mixers can be purchased from RF Parts for about $16 and the Iron Powder and Ferrite cores add about $10. The real bang for the buck is the pleasure of saying my rig is homebrew built by me!
 
So what is on your bench???????
 
73's
Pete N6QW

It has been one week since we made the first contact with the 40M Junk Box SSB Xcvr and I am happy to report that the hunk of junk has now been given a proper and fitting home.

This is how it all started!

Using my Harbor Freight metal break I made some brackets to provide support to the front panel

The rig base is a piece of copper clad board 10.5 inches long by 8 inches wide. Here we see the front panel/support brackets installed on the base plate assembly. I used my manual mill to make the front panel.

This was an exercise to determine how all of the boards would fit in the case

The boards are all mechanically installed and the wiring is everywhere.

Here the wiring is about 85% done

Oblique view showing the various boards.

The Junk Box Rig sitting next to its older brother the Nu-Rig. Love that Blue!

The Junk Box Rig is now fully functional.

Front Panel close up!

Innards: Driver Board, Final and Solid State switch

Band Pass Filter, Bi-Directional Amp, Main Board, Si5351 and Microphone Amp.

Left Oblique View.

Right Oblique View: Audio Amp, TR Relay,Linear Amp Switch and Low Pass Filter

Power Amplifier. The device is mounted directly to the bottom copper plate (insulator used). We have 84 square inches of copper heat sink.
 
I now have connected this rig to the "brick" liberated from an Atlas 210X. With 3 watts of drive I get over 100 watts out. Since finishing this rig today I have made 5 contacts running the amp --- all excellent reports. Three of those contacts were into the mid-west.
 
What are you waiting for --get cracking on your junk box rig! Soon I hope to make a video so you can listen to this wonderful radio. This also has been a great experience for me in using what you have -- my 1st thoughts were to buy a chassis --ouch at $30 I figured there had to be another way and there was.
 
73's
Pete N6QW

13 comments:

  1. Nicely done Pete,you are amazing! So who is the favorite kid- Nu-Rig or Junk Box? Still poking along on my Simpleceiver/Nu-Rig version. You get more done in the time it takes me to decide which sock to put on first. Always enjoy your articles. David KG7WFM

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  2. Hi Dave,

    Thank you for your posting. Well your question is like which one is your favorite child? Both radios are similar in architecture but the Nu-Rig has the better Yaesu Filter and the TFT display. It also has more Pout (15 watts). The Junk Box rig has an LCD, a filter that is a bit wider and out has 3 watts out. I have since mated the Junk Box with a small amp and no it is running 100 watts.

    There is a bit of 'cheating" going on here in that many of these circuit boards were built a long time ago and were either broken or prototypes of later boards. So building a radio as such is more of wiring up the boards and maybe fixing a problem here and there. If this were truly starting at ground zero it would have taken much longer.

    But the bottom line is that a good sounding signal can emanate from a homebrew radio!

    73's
    Pete N6QW

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  3. Pete, I nominate you to produce $200 solid state Swans in your garage...Im too slow. Still trying to get all the components on my VFO working. The rotary encoder is giving me headaches now, trying to debug. I will tell you, Phased Lock Loop might be easier!!

    Ed KC8SBV

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  4. Hi Ed,

    I really wish I could make a clone of the MX-100 for $200. Hang in there it really is just a matter of debugging and then you are an expert. Thanks for the post.

    73's
    Pete N6QW

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  5. I like the support brackets you made, Pete. Very professional looking! Of course, the blue front panel looks great, too!

    73's Dean AC9JQ

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  6. Thanks Dean! What really works well is the Si5351 board!

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    Replies
    1. Yeah, I was joking with my coworkers that I should have put my callsign on the top side of the PCB. Anyway, thanks again for sharing.

      73's Dean AC9JQ

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  7. Hi Pete!

    Another great looking project! I need to get off square 1 and get my MMM Colorburst done!! Maybe now that summer is almost over I can get going on it.

    Had a question on the Si5351. Do you think it would be possible to connect Clk0 and Clk 2 directly to 2 separate modules, one for the VFO and another for the BFO to alleviate running any coax or connectors? Was thinking it might make a more compact and less wire cluttered build.

    Have a great rest of your week! Jim T (ke8bho)

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    Replies
    1. Hi Jim T,
      Thanks for your posting. There are many valid reasons for using the connectors and coax -- don't skimp here --one is signal radiation. Trust me save yourself some grief!
      73's
      Pete N6QW

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  8. Wow, Pete - What a great looking rig!

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    Replies
    1. Hi Steve,


      This is the proverbial --silk purse out of a sow's ear.

      73's
      Pete N6QW

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  9. Hi Pete,
    Great looking rig, well done. I only hope I can get some reports as you have with my homebrew rigs. On my bench is the LBS rig. I've only 1 contact to date, but it was enough for me to move forward with a LBS2 design. I plan to redo all the boards so I can fit them in a case as well as add a preamp and another final amp for the output.

    I had hoped to learn a lot from the LBS project and I sure did.

    thanks and 73, Peter
    ve3poa

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  10. Hi Peter,

    Thanks for your posting. A couple of things to note if you go to surface mount --look carefully at the wattage of the resistors --some parts of the circuit really do need 1/4 watt resistors. Also with SMD allow for a couple of blank areas so that these can be connected to points such a transistor collectors and thus you have a test point location.

    Congratulations on getting the LBS working.

    73's
    Pete N6QW

    ReplyDelete